What’s a good GPA? How do you calculate GPA in college?
If you are searching online for any of these questions, this is the right guide for you. This article features how you can easily calculate your Grade Point Average without stress.
Grade Point Average is the attempt to use standardized measurements of varying levels of achievement in a course. Grades can be assigned in the form of letters, range, percentage, or numbers out of a possible total. Grades are averaged in some countries, to create a grade point average.
Grade Point Average is a factor in class rank, university admissions, scholarship eligibility and more; it represents a student’s body of academic work all through high school starting from their freshman year.
How Does GPA Work?
The same way professors and teachers grade students to evaluate their progress or success in their course, that’s the same way your Grade Point Average (GPA) works, it is a score used to express your achievement during the entirety of your degree program.
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Grade System And GPA Scores
There are different grading systems out there, using diverse scales, letters, numbers, etc. Here are some common ways grades are measured throughout the globe:
United States And Canadian Grading System
The United States and Canada uses letters to represent their grading system (A-F), when you study at a US or Canadian university, your GPA is on a scale of 0.0 – 4.0, with 4.0 being the maximum obtainainable.
GPA is very important in US and Canadian universities. Students must sustain a level of GPA to continue studying in the university; most scholarships require a certain level of GPA to be maintained; and some majors require a minimum GPA before a student can continue studying in that program.
The chart shows you how much each letter grade is worth in number of points to Grade Point Average (GPA):
Dutch Grading System (Netherlands, Israel etc.)
In respect to Dutch law, 1 credit represents 28 hours of work and 60 credits represents one year of full-time study. However, the assessment system in the Netherlands consists of marks from 1-10.
To pass a course, a minimum score of 6 is required. Also, for marks with one decimal point, the minimum pass mark is 5.5.
The chart below shows you the remark of each number in the Dutch grading system
|7||More than satisfactory|
Note: The grades 1-3 are hardly ever given to any students but grade 9 and 10 are very rare.
German Grading System (Also Used In Australia, Russia, Slovakia etc.)
Universities in Germany adopts a 1-5 grading system to assess their students’ academic performance. 1 and 5 signify both extreme ends of a student’s achievement. If a student gets 1 in an exam it means he/she successfully completed between 90 and 100% of their task.
On the other hand, if a student got 5 it means his/her performance has not satisfied the least minimum required to pass.
The chart below shows you the remark of each number in the German grading system
ECTS Credit System
European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is widely used by the Higher Education Institutions (Universities and Colleges) in Belgium, the chart below shows more details:
|Grade||Grade Descriptions||US Grade|
What Is A Good GPA?
Your GPA is one of the first things US college admission officers will use to determine your strength of candidacy. At the most competitive universities, like those in the Ivy League, the average admit has an outstanding GPA.
The average high school Grade Point Average (GPA) in the US is 3.0, this accounts for roughly 35% of students in high school who end up not applying for college.
However, the average GPA of college applicants is more likely between 3.5 and 4.0. If you’re aiming for a top university such as one in the Ivy League, Stanford, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), New York University or others of the same caliber, a 4.0 GPA or close to it is expected.
Furthermore, to make things a bit more complex, traditional GPA scale of 4.0 e are considered ‘unweighted’ because it does not take the difficulty of different classes into account which can be a disadvantage.
In respect to this, the most selective US universities prefer the ‘weighted’ GPA system, which represents a more accurate standard achievement across a selection of students, and is measured on a 5-point scale.
Since admission rates is very selective in most standard universities, and the GPAs for admitted students linger around 4.0, taking more difficult classes is essential to support your GPA and get into universities like Harvard, Princeton, or similarly competitive institutions.
Average GPA (Weighted) Of Accepted Students At Some Top Schools
|University||Average GPA (weighted) Of Accepted Students|
|Massachusetts Institute Of Technology (MIT)||4.15|
|University Of Pennsylvania||4.10|
How To Calculate GPA In College
A GPA converts the letters or percentages representing your grades into numbers, then the average of those numbers will be found.
For instance, in the US, an A is the highest grade a student can receive in his/her classes. Depending on which school the student attends, A is either equal to 4, or is equal to a multiple of 4 (e.g. 8).
After taking few classes, these points are added up and then divided by the total amount of credits of all the courses you took. The number you get is your GPA.
Let’s use an example for more clarity. Supposing you took 3 courses: Biology (2 credits), Mathematics (3 credits) and English (3 credits). Your grades for these courses are:
Biology – A (which is 4.0 on the GPA scale)
Mathematics – B (which is 3.0 on the GPA scale)
English – B (which is 3.0 on the GPA scale)
If we multiply the grades you took by the number of credits for each course, we see you have 8 grade points for Biology, 9 for Mathematics, and 9 for English. In total, 26 grade points.
To calculate your average GPA, we divide this number of grade points by the total number of credits of the courses you took (3+3+2=8). This is how we find out your GPA is 3.25.
The differences between cumulative GPA and overall GPA is that, the cumulative GPA covers shorter periods, like a term or a semester. While the overall GPA covers an entire academic experience.